Pottasium - CSF Fluid

This is part of an electrolyte test. Potassium is an electrolyte that is important for metabolism. It helps to transport nutrients between cells. This test evaluates the potassium level in the Cerebrospinal Fluid to detect the electrolyte imbalance. Potassium level rise is a sign of brain damage.
Test Code: 432
₹ 200.00

Potassium - CSF:

Why Potassium CSF Test?


Potassium (K) is an essential macro-mineral required to maintain good health. Potassium is vital for all the tissues in the body (most abundant intracellular cation), as it maintains intracellular fluid volume (cellular tonicity of cells in the tissues) and trans-membrane electrochemical gradient (regulated by the sodium-potassium ATPase). Potassium is an essential mineral required by all tissues in the body. Potassium is ingested through food consumed (dietary intake) and gets absorbed by the small intestines. The excess potassium is excreted primarily by the urine and also in traces through stools and sweat. It carries an electrical charge and it is involved in the various cell activities including heartbeat (regulated blood pressure and relaxing the walls of the blood vessels), preventing stroke, the function of the nerve (transmission of impulse), muscle contraction, digestion, preserves muscle mass, especially in elderly people, prevent kidney disease, regulates blood glucose levels, maintains bone health, diffusion of substances within and outside the cells (eg. transport of nutrients into the cell and removal of metabolic end-products outside the cell), regulates extra-cellular fluid volume including plasma volume in the body, maintains cellular tonicity etc. Potassium has a key role in water, pH (acidity/alkalinity), electrolyte balance (eg. eliminating excessive sodium from the body) in the body and kidneys help in its regulation. CSF is cerebrospinal fluid a colourless body fluid that flows in the space around the spinal cord and brain. Test for CSF analysis is performed to help diagnose diseases or abnormal conditions that affect the brain (CNS) and spinal cord. The function of CSF is to cushion the brain within the skull from physical trauma (protects the brain and spine from injuries) and it also delivers the nutrients to the CNS. CSF testing is performed to evaluate the level and concentration of different substances (constituents in normal physiological composition) and its pressure also helps to study certain related pathologies. Moreover, cells in CSF in studied to diagnose the pathological conditions affecting the brain and the spinal cord. Hence during any CNS manifestations, aspiration of CSF sample specimen is performed. Hence potassium in CSF test is performed to screen to detect the underlying pathology in the brain and spinal cord. Clinical assessment plays a key role in the case of patients with seizures (prolonged or frequent episodes of seizures). Potassium deficiency (hypokalemia) can be due to malnutrition, excessive loss of body fluids in cases such as persistent vomiting, diarrhoea, excessive sweating, kidney disease, overuse of diuretics and laxatives, magnesium deficiency, medications like penicillin, prescriptions like insulin, albuterol, terbutaline etc (causes influx of high potassium levels from the blood to move into the cells causing temporary hypokalemia), Cushing’s syndrome (excess aldosterone is produced that results to excrete increased amount of potassium) etc. Symptoms of low potassium are fatigue, constipation, palpitations, abnormal heartbeats, increases the risk of kidney stones, muscle weakness, twitching, spasm, tingling sensation and/or numbness, leads to paralysis, inhibits the ability of kidneys to reabsorb calcium, high urine output, glucose intolerance, breathing difficulties, mood changes etc. Chronic untreated cases may lead to hypomagnesemia, confusion, and adrenal disorders and can be life-threatening (may lead to death). High potassium can be due to high intake of potassium supplements, kidney disease, prolonged exercise, cocaine abuse, excessive potassium conserving diuretics, chemotherapy, diabetes, severe burns etc. It can affect the normal heartbeat rhythm (increases the risk of high Blood pressure) and can cause arrhythmias and induce a heart attack. Symptoms of hyperkalemia (increased potassium levels) include pain in the abdomen, shortness of breath, chest pain, abnormal heartbeat (arrhythmias), palpitations, flutters, weakness in muscles, nausea, vomiting etc. If immediate medical attention is not given, the condition can be life-threatening (may lead to death). Additional tests include EEG, ECG, pH test, other electrolytes test, ABG, insulin test, KFT, urine analysis, estimation of antiepileptic drugs etc. Other tests include imaging studies like CT scan, MRI, endoscopy in case of GI bleeding or intestinal obstruction, ultrasound etc in pathologies such as ascites or peritonitis (transudate) etc.  

General Instructions:

Sample RequirementSpecimen –CSF Sample. Test Preparation: None.

NOTE - Sample for specimen collections may vary based on the patient’s condition/cases according to the patient’s presenting complaints/signs or symptoms:

SPECIMEN REQUIREMENT (Special or Rare Cases) - As instructed and guided by Physician / Clinician / Pathologist / as per Laboratory’s requirements, according to procedures and protocols.

This Multi-Specialty Clinical Referral Laboratory RT DIAGNOSTICS provides precise and accurate tests with an extensive range of testing services to the medical centres to help in the diagnosis and identification of pathology in the test specimens for infectious diseases and also to evaluate the function of organ systems of the patient. It prevents further complications and helps to stabilize and restore health to near normalcy at the earliest without delay.