Blood Sugar 2 Hours

Blood sugar is also known as Glucose, is an important sugar found in the blood. In diabetic conditions glucose level of the blood varies (hypoglycemia/hyperglycemia) may be altered leading to extreme pathological states leading to life-threatening conditions and hence this causes serious health issues (contributes to morbidity and mortality). A post-prandial blood sugar test evaluates the blood sugar level after the meal to check the insulin-related health issues.
Test Code: 363
₹ 50.00


Why Blood Sugar – Two Hours (2 hrs) Test?


Glucose is the primary energy source of the body’s cells (including the brain) and hence the relatively constant level of glucose must be maintained in the blood. Normally after a meal, blood glucose rises and so the hormone insulin (secreted from the pancreas), helps transport glucose to the body’s cells where it is used as a source of energy (ATP produced by glycolysis and Kreb’s cycle). Diabetes is a disease resulting from an imbalance between glucose and insulin. Type-1 diabetes results when the body is not able to produce insulin to control blood glucose levels (auto-antibodies that destroy the beta cells of the pancreas) and type-2 diabetes results from a combination of insulin resistance (reduced sensitivity of insulin against blood glucose compared to a normal person’s response) and a relative decline in insulin production. Other types of diabetes include gestational diabetes (the condition restores back to normal after the pregnancy period), juvenile diabetes, etc. The test result of the glucose tolerance test is represented as a blood glucose chart that shows a person’s blood sugar levels – including before (fasting) and after meals (post-prandial). It helps a person with glucose management to maintain within normal range or in the prognosis of patients with diabetes treatment plans. OGTT is the gold standard for diabetes type 2 and is also useful in pre-diabetes, gestational diabetes, insulin resistance, impaired beta-cell function, disorders of carbohydrate metabolism (carbohydrate metabolism), and risk of developing diabetes prior to pregnancy or in high-risk cases of developing diabetes during pregnancies, etc. 

Blood Sugar – Two Hours (2 hrs) Test is a part of Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT). It identifies the abnormalities in the way the patient’s body handles glucose after a test dose of glucose (75 / 100 Grams) is administered. The patient is fasted for about eight hours before the test or preferably fasted overnight and the test schedule is performed in the early morning hours. A blood specimen is drawn to monitor the glucose levels in different time intervals (30 minutes/ ½ an hour, 1 hour, 1 ½ Hour, 2 hours, 2 ½ and 3 hours, etc). A graph is plotted against the time v/s blood glucose levels as the body system responds to the administered glucose load in OGTT. The test result is interpreted accordingly and diagnosis is made in the case of diabetic patients (impaired fasting glucose, impaired glucose tolerance, etc) with suitable treatment modalities. Causes are family history, obesity, high blood pressure, sedentary lifestyle, junk foods, old age, etc. Signs and symptoms are hyperglycemia, polyuria, polydipsia, and polyphagia, etc. Complications of untreated diabetes include morbidity and mortality rate (life expectancy), risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, metabolic syndrome, obesity, polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD), damages in the thin and fine small arteries such as in the eyes, end-organ damages eg. eyes, kidneys, blood vessels, brain and heart, stress, foot problems, and other illnesses, etc. False-positive test results can arise in smokers, consuming coffee (caffeine based products) and patients on certain medications like corticosteroids, diuretics (water pills), anti-depressants, etc. Other tests include Hb-A1c to monitor prognosis in patient’s compliance during diabetes treatment.

General Instructions:

Sample Requirement: Specimen - Blood sample collected from the vein. Test Preparation: None.

NOTE - Sample for specimen collections may vary based on the patient’s condition/cases according to the patient’s presenting complaints/signs or symptoms:

SPECIMEN REQUIREMENT (Special or Rare Cases) - As instructed and guided by Physician / Clinician / Pathologist / as per Laboratory’s requirements, according to procedures and protocols.

Sample Requirement: Blood is taken from the vein or finger prick for capillary blood.

Test Preparation: After a meal (2 hrs)

This Multi-Specialty Clinical Referral Laboratory RT DIAGNOSTICS provides precise and accurate tests with an extensive range of testing services to the medical centers to help in the diagnosis and identification of pathology in the test specimens for infectious diseases and also to evaluate the function of organ systems of the patient. It prevents further complications and helps to stabilize and restore health to near normalcy at the earliest without delay.