AFB - Peritoneal Fluid

AFB – Acid Fast Bacillus is a kind of bacteria that is the causative agent for TUBERCULOSIS (TB) and other infections. TB causes serious health complications to the lungs, brain, bones such as the spine, and kidneys. As per the physician’s recommendations or pathologist, sample specimen is collected from various places such as Blood, Urine, and Phlegm for this test for diagnosing tuberculosis and similar infections such as leprosy. AFB in the peritoneal fluid used to diagnose Peritoneal Tuberculosis. Other tests performed are clinically for ascetic fluid are by inspection for bulging flanks, auscultation. Followed by clinical examination by palpation, flank dullness, shifting dullness, etc., for performing ascetic tap.
Test Code: 1213
₹ 150.00


Why AFB Peritoneal fluid test?


Peritoneal fluid is aspirated in suspected patients with TB causing Tuberculous peritonitis. The diagnosis in a peritoneal fluid is aspirated for AFB in culture and smear preparation. The serum ascites albumin gradient (SAAG) is necessary to determine the patient’s ascites due to portal hypertension. Calculation of SAAG is performed by measuring the serum albumin and ascetic fluid albumin concentrations and subtracting the ascetic fluid albumin from serum albumin.

Differential diagnosis is peritoneal effusion usually caused by liver cirrhosis and peritoneal mesothelioma patients.     

Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) levels in Ascitic fluid is a potential marker for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in the peritoneum caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis leading to an infection known as tuberculous peritonitis.

 Other tests include enzymatic assays or colorimetric, HPLC, spectrophotometry, etc.

General instructions:

Sample Requirement: Specimen is peritoneal fluid. Test Preparation: None.

NOTE - Sample for specimen collections may vary based on the patient’s condition/cases according to the patient’s presentingcomplaints / signs or symptoms:

SPECIMENREQUIREMENT (Special or Rare Cases) - As instructed and guided by Physician / Clinician / Pathologist / as per Laboratory’s requirements, according to procedures and protocols.   

This Multi-Specialty Clinical Referral Laboratory “RTDIAGNOSTICS” provides precise and accurate tests with an extensive range of testing services to the medical centers to help in the diagnosis and identification of pathology in the test specimens for infectious diseases and also to evaluate the function of organ systems of the patient. It prevents further complications and helps to stabilize and restore health to near normalcy at the earliest without delay.